Fore-  word

The
area

Project’s area

The territory where the project was carried out involved the coastal area of Salto di Fondi (in the Latina Province, South of Rome): a very important place for the environment, but at the same time very frail, at the time in danger of geological subsidence and saltiness intrusion, because of the high consumption of underground fresh waters for agriculture.

The whole territory was managed by the “Parco Naturale Regionale dei Mont Ausoni e del Lago di Fondi” (Regional Park of Ausoni mountains and Fondi Lake) Reserve, that had to solve the problems due to the co-existence of an highly polluting and environmentally dangerous economical system (85 hectares of greenhouses on 634 hectares of agriculture soil) with the management of the natural park in a very sensitive area.

Salto di Fondi area

The results of a survey of a sample of 25 among the 80 farms within the project area, concerning chemical-physical trial analyses, have shown that in the soils there was a very high, if not excessive presence of macronutrients (phosphorus, potassium and magnesium too) and a very low presence of calcium. In many farms these macronutrients were over the limits and gave possible problems of phyto-toxicity

Beyond the view here above delineated, that points out the problems related to a correct and equilibrate fertilising planning, there was, since a good decade, a progressive and irreversible increasing of saltiness in the underground waters due to sea intrusion. The examination of the situation brought to the conclusion that all the conditions for the creation of serious farming- and environmental-damages were present: the high amount of nutrients and of sodium both in the soils and in the water sources compelled to the requirement of a more rational farming system in the area, inducing more awareness in all the stakeholders implicated into the agriculture chain and into the territorial management. The problem of the saltiness increase and seawater intrusion, linked to the disproportionate underground water consumption, was primarly due to the local habit of utilising in winter the underground “hot” water in order to “warm up” the greenhouses against the frost.

 

 

 

The  project

The  actions

The results